Broadbill Swordfish

Fact File:

Common Name(s):
Broadbill Swordfish

Scientific Name:
Xiphias gladius (Linnaeus, 1758)

Usual Size:
Believed to 445cm

UK Record Weights from rod/line:



MAFF Minimum Size: Shore: Boat:

The upper and sides of the body dark brown fading to light brown under side. The only Billfish with a rigid dorsal fin.

Egg dispersal. Females may lay between 2/5 million eggs and the main breeding area for the Eastern Atlantic is the Mediterranean Sea. It is believed that a female is mature at the age of 5-6 and this equates to a length of between 150-170cm

A semi oceanic species which is located in the upper water layers and has an optimum temperature range of between 18/22ºC, but is known to tolerate a sea temperature of between 5/27ºC. They are known to go to depths of at least 550m

Tunas and other pelagic fishes when in open waters and when further inshore they will take Mackerel, Herring and Hake

For the Eastern Atlantic from the north of Scotland down to the Cape of Good Hope.

Additional Notes:
A truly powerful angling adversary, mostly found in oceanic waters off the western coasts


FAO Species Catalogue - Vol V - Billfishes of The World - Nakamura

Fishes of the North-Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean - Whitehead, Bauchot, Hureau, Nielsen, Tortonese

Key to the Fishes of Northern Europe - Wheeler

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